Under pressure to find new sources of energy to reduce its dependence on Russian energy, Germany is preparing to accelerate projects that would allow the country to import new forms of energy. Recently, the government announced it would participate in the country’s first LNG import terminal to fast-track the project, and now energy giant RWE is proposing to add a green element to prepare the project for the long term. RWE plans to invest in a terminal for the import of ammonia near the LNG terminal which could in the future be merged to form a green energy cluster.
“Russia’s brutal war against Ukraine has made it clear that we must become independent of fuel imports from Russia. The Brunsbüttel LNG terminal is an important part of this, as it will increase gas import capacities to Germany,” said Robert Habeck, Federal Minister for Economic Affairs and Climate Action.
RWE has announced that it expects investments in the “mid-range of three-digit million euros” to build an ammonia terminal near the site of the LNG terminal in Brunsbüttel. According to the company, as early as 2026 it will be possible to import around 300,000 tonnes of green ammonia per year into Germany via the terminal and distribute it to customers. The next step would be to build an industrial-scale cracker at the terminal to also produce green hydrogen on site. This will then be transported to industrial customers via a pipeline dedicated to hydrogen.
“Green ammonia as a derivative of liquefied hydrogen can make an important contribution to Germany’s green hydrogen supply. At the same time, we can gain important experience with this project to convert LNG into green hydrogen or hydrogen derivatives,” said Minister Habeck.
RWE said it is committed to making green ammonia the most competitive hydrogen derivative with the highest level of technology readiness. The project is intended to facilitate the subsequent conversion of the entire site ready to import green molecules. As a shareholder of the LNG terminal, they believe that Brunsbüttel has the opportunity to become a model for the decarbonisation of industrial society.
“It is now more important than ever to think about climate protection and security of supply as a whole,” said
Markus Krebber, CEO of RWE. ” This is what we do. On the one hand, we are participating in the upcoming construction of the first LNG terminal in Germany. This flagship project will cover the entire value chain – from import to processing, transport and use by industrial customers. The entire site will benefit.
An increase in the volume of ammonia to two million tonnes per year is also planned, placing the terminal at the start of a green import infrastructure. Due to its direct access to the North Sea and the Baltic Sea and its connection to European waterways, RWE points out that the Brunsbüttel site offers ideal logistical conditions for the project.
Brunsbüttel Ports also supports the project with space and as a logistics partner with port infrastructure for unloading tankers.