Tropical Storm Peter formed in the Atlantic Ocean east of the Caribbean on Sunday, forecasters said, announcing the 16th named storm of the 2021 season.
At 11 am Eastern time on Sunday, the storm was about 430 miles east of the northern Leeward Islands and is expected to pass “well north of the Lesser Antilles,” according to the National Hurricane Center.
The center said rainfall around the storm’s outskirts could lead to “areas of urban flooding and small streams” in Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands and the rest of the Leeward Islands. from the north from Sunday evening to Tuesday.
Meteorologists faced several dizzying months as the onset of the peak of the hurricane season – August through November – resulted in a series of named storms that quickly followed one another, bringing stormy weather, flooding and storms. destructive winds in parts of the United States and the Caribbean. .
Peter’s arrival came as another storm, Odette, weakened to a post-tropical cyclone on Saturday and is expected to bring heavy rain and strong gusts of wind to Newfoundland and Labrador from Sunday to Monday. , according to the Canadian Hurricane Center.
Tropical Depression Nicholas made landfall early September 14 as a hurricane on the Texas Gulf Coast. The storm triggered heavy rains in parts of Louisiana, threatening to hamper the state’s efforts to restore power to tens of thousands of customers already affected by Hurricane Ida.
Tropical Storm Mindy struck the Florida panhandle on September 8, just hours after it formed in the Gulf of Mexico, as a powerful Hurricane Larry simultaneously swept across the Atlantic.
Ida struck Louisiana as a Category 4 hurricane on August 29 before her remains caused fatal flooding in the New York City area. Two other tropical storms, Julian and Kate, both died out in one day at the same time.
The links between hurricanes and climate change are becoming increasingly evident. A warming planet can expect to see stronger hurricanes over time and a higher incidence of more powerful storms. But the total number of storms could drop, as factors like stronger wind shear could prevent weaker storms from forming.
Hurricanes also get wetter due to increased water vapor in the warmer atmosphere; scientists have suggested that storms like Hurricane Harvey in 2017 produced much more rain than they would have without the human effects on the climate. Rising sea levels also contribute to increased storm surges, the most destructive element of tropical cyclones.
A major United Nations climate report released in August warned that countries have delayed cutting fossil fuel emissions for so long that they can no longer prevent global warming from intensifying over the next 30 years, resulting in more frequent and potentially fatal heat waves and severe droughts. Tropical cyclones have likely become more intense over the past 40 years, according to the report, a change that cannot be explained by natural variability alone.
Ana became the first named storm of the season on May 22, making it the seventh consecutive year that a named storm has developed in the Atlantic before the official start of the hurricane season on June 1.
In May, scientists from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration predicted there would be 13 to 20 named storms this year, of which six to 10 would be hurricanes and three to five major Category 3 or more hurricanes in the Atlantic. In early August, in an update to the mid-season forecast, scientists continued to warn that this year’s hurricane season would be above average, suggesting a busy end to the season.
NOAA updated its forecast on August 4, forecasting 15 to 21 named storms, including seven to 10 hurricanes, by the end of the season on November 30. Peter is the 16th named storm of 2021.
Last year there were 30 named storms, including six major hurricanes, forcing meteorologists to exhaust the alphabet for the second time and use Greek letters.
It was the highest number of storms on record, exceeding 28 in 2005, and included the second highest number of hurricanes on record.